William Marchant

b. 27 October 1695
FatherWilliam Marchant b. 3 Nov 1667
MotherAnn Jacket b. c 1670
     William Marchant was baptized on 27 October 1695 at St Nicholas Church, Brighton, Sussex, England.1 He was the son of William Marchant and Ann Jacket.
William Marchant married Elizabeth Gunn, daughter of Stephen Gunn and Elizabeth Bradford, on 26 November 1721 at St Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, England, Sponsors WG; John HAMMOND of the same parish (Lewes All Saints).2
William Marchant was a witness to the will of William Ovett of Brighthelmstone, Sussex mariner. Will made 22 Jan 1753, proved at London 18 Apr 1755, PROB11.3
William Marchant left a will made on 17 October 1772 at Brighton, Sussex, England.4,5
In the Name of God Amen I William Marchant of Brighthelmston in the County of Sussex Mariner being weak in body but of sound mind memory and understanding and considering the uncertainties of this transitory life and certainty of death do make publish and declare this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following that is to say First I give and bequeath unto my son Jonas Marchant my daughter Elizabeth Bradford wife of John Bradford and my daughter Grace the wife of John Priest the sum of ten pounds apiece which Legacies I will and order to be paid unto the respective Legatees within six months next after the decease of my beloved wife Elizabeth Marchant by my Executrix hereafter named Also whereas I have surrendered to the use of my last Will and Testament All that my copyhold Cottage or Tenement with the apputenances thereunto belonging situate lying and being on the East Cliff in Brighthelmston aforesaid formerly Bakers and now in the occupation of Isaac Greenfield or his assigns holden of the manor of Brighthelmston I give devise and bequeath the same unto my wife the said Elizabeth Marchant for and during the term of her natural life And from and immediately after her decease I give devise and bequeath the same unto my daughter Susannah Standing of Brighthelmston aforesaid widow and to her Heirs and Assigns for ever And whereas I have surrendered to the use of my last Will and Testament All that my new built Cottage or Tenement with a piece or parcel of ground thereunto belonging and appurtenances situate lying and being on the East Cliff in Brighthelmston aforesaid formerly Buckolls and now in the occupation of me the said William Marchant or my Assigns holden of the Manor of Brighthelmston I give devise and bequeath the same unto my wife the said Elizabeth Marchant To have and to hold the same with the rents issues and profits during the term of her natural life And from and immediately after her decease I give devise and bequeath the same unto my daughter Sarah Marchant and to her Heirs and Assigns for ever And as to all the rest residue and remainder of my personal estate goods and chattels of what kind or nature soever (after my just debts funeral expenses are paid discharged and satisfied) I give and bequeath the same unto my wife the said Elizabeth Marchant during her natural life and from and immediately after her decease I give and bequeath the same unto my daughter Susannah Standing And lastly I do hereby nominate and appoint my daughter the said Susannah Standing sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament hereby revoking all former will and wills by me hereto made In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the seventeenth day of October in the twelfth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the ffaith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy two William Marchant Signed sealed published and declared by the above named William Marchant (the word (said) being first interlined over the thirteenth line the word (life) over the fourteenth line the word (my) over the fifteenth line and the words ( during her natural life) over the twenty sixth line) as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses therto in the presence of the said Testator and in th presence of each other John Doble Philip Idle Jas Buckoll
The Will of
William Marchant late of Brighthelmston within the Archdeaconary of Lewes Mariner deceased was proved the twenty second day of March one thousand seven hundred and seventy three before the Reverend Robert Austin Clerk Surrogate and so forth upon the oath of Susanna Standing widow the sole Executrix in this said Will named To whom was committed the administration of the goods being first sworn well and faithfully to administer the same And also that the said Goods of the said deceased do not amount unto twenty pounds
(Transcribed by Diana Mitchell 2008).
William Marchant was buried on 6 November 1772 at St Nicholas Church, Brighton, Sussex, England, age 77 years.6
It is possible that William and Elizabeth had a son William whose baptism has not been found. The reason for suspecting this is that there is a William amd Mary Marchant in Brighton who started having children in 1755, followed by Stephen and Elizabeth in 1760, and Jonas and Mary in 1764. These were the only Marchant families in the baptisms register at that time. Also, it is almost inconceivable that there would not have been a son called William, given that would have been his father's name. Also, there is a burial of a William Jnr on 27 Dec 1763 (drowned) in Brighton which would explain why he is not mentioned in the will of 1772 (and there is also the burial of an Elizabeth Marchant, dau. of Mary, widow, on 8 Aug 1769). Note also, that daughters Anne, Martha (dec. c1760?), Mary and son Stephen (dec. c1770?) are not mentioned in the 1772 will, although their burials have not been found in the SFHG index of burials.
If that is the case, then William's wife Mary left a will that is of interest:
Mary Marchant 1784
Lewes Will A66 p53 dated 2.3.1784, proved 1.6.1790
This is the last Will and Testament of me Mary Marchant of Brighthelmston in the County of Sussex, widow First I order and direct that all my just debts ffuneral Expenses and the Expenses of proving this my Will be paid and discharged by my Executors hereafter named as soon as conveniently may be after my decease And I give and devise unto my son William Marchant of Brighthelmston aforesaid carpenter and his Heirs All that my Copyhold Messuage or Tenement Hereditaments and Premises wherein I now live situate lying and being in _____ otherwise Ship Street in Brighthelmston aforesaid All which said premises I have duly surrendered to the use of my will to hold the same and every part thereof with the Appurtenances unto my said son William Marchant and his heirs Upon the trusts and to and for the uses Intents and purposes hereinafter mentioned and declared of and concerning the same (that is to say) Upon trust and I do hereby direct that as my said son William Marchant or his Heirs do and shall immediately after my Decease sell and dispose of the said Messuage or Tenement Hereditaments and Premises with the appurtenances for the best price and prices and most money that he can get for the same and after paying for the charges of selling the same do and shall pay distribute and divide all and every the clear net monies arising by such sale unto and among him my said son William Marchant and my daughters Mary the wife of Daniel Holder and Susan the wife of John Balcombe equally share and share alike to whom I do hereby give and bequeath the same accordingly and to their respective Executors and administrators Also I give and bequeath unto my said three children the said William Marchant Mary Holder and Susan Balcombe and to their respective Executors and Administrators All and every my ready Money Bonds Bills Securities for Money Debts to me due and owing And also all and every my Household Furniture Stock in Trade and all and singular my Personal Estate whatsoever and wheresoever or of what nature kind or Quality soever the same may be found at the time of my decease to be equally divided between my said three children share and share alike And I do hereby direct that the purchaser or purchasers of the said trust premises or any part thereof shall not be answerable or accountable for the misapplication or nonapplication of the said trust Monies or any of them or any part thereof but that he she or they shall be absolutely and finally discharged therefrom upon Payment of such purchase monies unto him my said Trustees or his Heirs or assigns And I do hereby make ordain constitute and appoint my said three Children the said William Marchant Mary Holder and Susan Balcombe Executors of this my Will hereby revoking all former Wills by me made In Witness whereof I the said Mary Marchant the Testatrix to this my last Will and Testament contained in one sheet of paper have hereunto set my hand and seal the twenty second day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty four Mary Marchant Signed sealed published and declared by the said Mary Marchant the Testatrix in the presence of us who in her presence at her Request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses John Brooker James Patching H Brooker
The Will of Mary Marchant of Brighthelmston within the Archdeaconry of Lewes widow deceased was proved the first day of June in the year of our Lord 1790 before the Reverend Edward Robert Raynes Clerk Surrogate and so forth before the oaths of William Marchant Mary Holder and Susan Balcombe the Executor and Executrixes therein named To whom was committed the administration of the Goods of the deceased they being first sworn well and faithfully to administer the same and so forth Sworn also that the Goods Chattles and Credits of the said Mary Marchant do not amount in value unto twenty pounds

Transcribed by Diana Mitchell 2008.7

Family

Elizabeth Gunn b. 17 Oct 1697
Marriage*
William Marchant married Elizabeth Gunn, daughter of Stephen Gunn and Elizabeth Bradford, on 26 November 1721 at St Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, England, Sponsors WG; John HAMMOND of the same parish (Lewes All Saints).2 
Children

Citations

  1. [S25] Index to Sussex Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S26] Index to Sussex Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  3. [S268] Index to Sussex People, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "Source 88, Entry 56232."
  4. [S267] Sussex Wills Depository, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "Will of William Marchant, mariner, Brighton 1772."
  5. [S342] Will of William Marchant of Brighton, Sussex, England, 17 Oct 1772, proved in the Archdeaconry Court at Lewes, 22 Mar 1773 (East Sussex County Record Office, Lewes A62/687).
  6. [S27] Index to Sussex Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "age 77 years."
  7. [S343] Will of Mary Marchant of Brighton, Sussex, England, 2 Mar 1784, proved in the Archdeaconry Court at Lewes, 1 Jun 1790 (East Sussex County Record Office, Lewes A66/53).